Categorization of Criminal offenses
Criminal offenses can be categorized as misdemeanors or felonies. Certain factors, including the nature and impact of a crime and an individual’s criminal history, determine how a criminal offense is classified and prosecuted. Punishment for both misdemeanors and felonies should be taken very seriously.
Difference Between Misdemeanor and Felony Offenses
Felonies include crimes such as murder or robbery, and misdemeanors are crimes such as shoplifting or stalking.
While each state classifies its crimes and punishments differently, in Texas, misdemeanors are split up into three different classes: A, B and C. Class A are the most serious types, which can result in up to a year in a county jail and a fine of up to $4,000. Class B misdemeanors receive a sentence of up to 180 days in a county jail with a fine of up to $2,000. Lastly, Class C is the least serious class, with no jail time but includes a fine of up to $500. Different factors may make a punishment more severe; for example, if the crime is a repeat offense, if there were drugs involved to commit the crime, or if there was a prejudiced motivation for the crime.
Punishment for misdemeanor conviction may include the following:
- Fines of up to $2,000
- Community service
- Imprisonment of up to a year in prison or jail
Felonies in Texas are divided into three capital felony groups: first, second, and third degree felonies. A first degree felony is the most serious of the three, which can result in up to 99 years in prison as well as a $10,000, an example of which being sexual assault against a child. A second degree felony is slightly less serious, calling for 2-20 years in prison, and a fine of up to $10,000 as well. A third degree felony is the least serious of the bunch, which can result in the $10,000 fine with 2-10 years of imprisonment. The only offense more serious than a first degree felony is a capital felony, which results in death or life imprisonment without parole.
Consequences of a felony conviction can include:
- Fines of up to $10,000
- At least one year of prison or jail time
- Loss of voting rights
- Restricted international travel
- Inability to own a firearm
- Bad criminal record
- Deportation for non-US citizens
What’s a Statute of Limitation?
Statute of limitations are laws that prevent certain crimes from being prosecuted after a certain amount of time. If the charges for an alleged offense aren’t filed within the time frame of the statute of limitation, then they can’t be filed. There are of course exceptions to the law, such as when and if the suspect was not in the state, the statute is suspended. Serious crimes such as murder, sexual assault, or human trafficking don’t have a statute associated with them and can be prosecuted at any time.
Whether you were charged with a misdemeanor or a felony, the Law Office of Jesse Hernandez is here to help. We understand that putting together a defense can be stressful. When you’re charged with a crime, you may not have the concentration or resources needed to strengthen your case. Having been named one of San Antonio’s best lawyers for criminal defense in recognition of our dedication and level of professionalism, you can be sure we’re more than qualified to assist you.
Let Us Help You Resolve Your Legal Charges
Misdemeanors range from marijuana possession to embezzlement. For most cases, misdemeanors are punishable by up to one year in jail. Felonies involve more dangerous situations, such as domestic violence and sexual assault. No matter the crime or classification, it’s wise to have an experienced criminal defense attorney representing you. With the Law Office of Jesse Hernandez, you can and will have all the legal support you need to have the highest odds of winning your case.
We’re on your side. Contact the Law Office of Jesse Hernandez!
Your needs are our priority at the Law Office of Jesse Hernandez. We are eager to defend your rights and interests at every step. Our skilled lawyers have handled countless criminal cases, ranging from the smallest misdemeanors to the most severe felony offenses.
We’re committed to helping you obtain the strongest possible solution, either in the courtroom or at the negotiation table. When you’re faced with a criminal offense, contact us as soon as you can.